List of terms
Artificial intelligence (AI) - intelligence demonstrated by machines, unlike the natural intelligence displayed by humans and animals. Leading AI textbooks define the field as the study of "intelligent agents": any device that perceives its environment and takes actions that maximize its chance of successfully achieving its goals.
Contact Tracing - in public health, contact tracing is the process of identification of persons who may have come into contact with an infected person and subsequent collection of further information about these contacts.
E-commerce - the activity of electronically buying or selling of products on online services or over the Internet.
Epidemic - the rapid spread of disease to a large number of people in a given population within a short period of time. For example, in meningococcal infections, an attack rate in excess of 15 cases per 100,000 people for two consecutive weeks is considered an epidemic.
Epidemiology - the study and analysis of the distribution, patterns and determinants of health and disease conditions in defined populations. It is a cornerstone of public health, and shapes policy decisions and evidence-based practice by identifying risk factors for disease and targets for preventive healthcare.
Manifest - a document listing cargo, passengers and crew of a ship, aircraft or vehicle.
Mobile App - a mobile application, also referred to as a mobile app or simply an app, is a computer program or software application designed to run on a mobile device such as a phone, tablet, or watch.
Open Source - source code that is made freely available for possible modification and redistribution. Products include permission to use the source code, design documents, or content of the product.
Pandemic - an epidemic of an infectious disease that has spread across a large region, for instance multiple continents or worldwide, affecting a substantial number of people. A widespread endemic disease with a stable number of infected people is not a pandemic.
Responsive Web Design (RWD) - web design that makes web pages render well on a variety of devices and window or screen sizes. Example: content on EpiTrace Sentinel's website automatically adjusts to most devices (mobile, tablet, desktop computer) to eliminate the need for horizontal scrolling.
Sentinel - person or thing that watches or stands as if watching. A soldier stationed as a guard to challenge all comers and prevent a surprise attack: to stand sentinel.
Syndemic - syndemic or synergistic epidemic is the aggregation of two or more concurrent or sequential epidemics or disease clusters in a population with biological interactions, which exacerbate the prognosis and burden of disease.
Virtual Reality (VR) - a simulated experience that can be similar to or completely different from the real world. Applications of virtual reality can include entertainment and educational purposes. Other, distinct types of VR style technology include augmented reality and mixed reality, sometimes referred to as extended reality or XR.